1861

Month

Letters by Date

Activity of Hardaway’s Unit

Activity of the Civil War

December

Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862

1862

January

Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862

On January 27, President Lincoln issued a war order authorizing the Union to launch a unified aggressive action against the Confederacy. General McClellan ignored the order

February

Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862

March

Moved to Fortress Monroe, VA.

 

Advanced to Yorktown

On March 8, President Lincoln issued an order reorganizing the Army of Virginia and relieving McClellan of supreme command. The Peninsular Campaign began. On March 9, the battle of the ironclad ships took place off Norfolk, VA.

April

 

Siege of Yorktown 4/5 – 5/4.


-The Battle of Shiloh.
-David Farragut gains control of New Orleans.
-The Peninsular Campaign.

May

 


Battle of Williamsburg 5/5

 

Battle of Hanover Court House 5/27

-“Stonewall” Jackson Defeats Union Forces.
-Union forces rushed to protect Washington D.C.

June

Battles of…
Mechanicsville 6/26.
Gaines’ Mill 6/27.
Savage Station 6/29.
Turkey Bridge, White Oak Swamp, 6/30.

-The Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks).
-Mechanicsville (June 26-27)
-Gaines’s Mill (June 27)
-Savage’s Station (June 29)
-Frayser’s Farm (June 30)

July

Malvern Hill 7/1.

-Malvern Hill (July 1)
-Peninsular Campaign ends
-General Henry Halleck was named general-in-chief of the Union army.

August

 

Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia 8/28-9/2:

-Battles of Groveton 8/29;
-Bull Run 8/30

 

 

 

The Second Battle of Bull Run on August 29-30

September

Maryland Campaign 9/6 – 9/22:

-South Mountain 9/14.
-Antietam 9/16-17.
-Sharpsburg, Shepherdstown Ford, 9/19

-South Mountain and Crampton’s Gap
-Battle of Harper’s Ferry

-Battle of Antietam
-Lincoln declares his Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation

November

Movement to Falmouth
10/29 – 11/17

 

 

-General McClellan replaced by Ambrose E. Burnside

December

Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., 12/12 – 12/15


Expedition from Potomac Creek to Richard’s and Ellis’ Fords, Rappahannock River, 12/29 – 12/30

 

 

-The Battle of Fredericksburg
-General Burnside replaced by Joseph Hooker

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